Q: Did anyone ask you to paint Germans, buffaloes and others in this painting? The Council of Trent took place in the middle of 1545 and 1563. The Catholic Council of Trent met for 25 terms. It was recognized that the Council was a fundamental feature of counter-reform. It is also considered one of the most remarkable groups of chords in Christian history. Because of their religious teachings, all Protestant reforms had preferred an aesthetic that drastically reduced the use of religious art in churches and sometimes eliminated them. Of all the forms of Protestantism that developed in the 16th century, only lutheranism has retained an important place for images and the visual arts. The Swiss forms of Protestantism, the Radical Reformers and the Church of England all moved to limit the use of religious art in the public spaces of churches. The Council of Trent, for its part, enthusiastically supported the continued commitment of religious art and insisted that the images offered a necessary way to teach the faithful the truths of the Church. However, when the Roman ministry met in Trento, they were well aware of the problems associated with the use of religious art. Throughout Europe, the contemporary style of many artists preferred the movement known as mannerism, which sometimes distorted religious themes or tarnished them in images so complex that few people could understand the Christian message. Trent thus attempted to reform the use of religious art in the Church and entrusted his decrees on the proper use of religious art to the bishops of the Church to impose it. Gabriel Paleotti, Bishop of Bologna and Cardinal of the Church, was a key figure in the art reform movement in the second half of the 16th century. Paleotti`s speeches have become an essential text used by bishops and reformers throughout Europe to find out whether religious art fits into the teachings of the Church.

He insisted that artists must convey their messages and that religious paintings and sculptures should encourage the faithful to piety. Following the decrees of the Council of Trent and the reform measures put in place by bishops like Paleotti, artists were sometimes brought before the Inquisition to answer for their compositions. The Council had decided that the message of religious art should be clear and firm; In other words, she had to convey Catholic truths to the out-of-school in a way that took up their emotions and inspired her loyalty to the Roman Church. The most famous case of art censorship was the great Venetian painter Paolo Veronese, who had painted an elegant scene with men and women servants, Germans, buffaloes, etc. When the Venetian Inquisition demanded that he repaint these unwritten characters, he responded by simply changing the name of the work of “The Final Supper” to “The Feast in the House of Levi”. The justification (sixth session) was declared on the basis of human collaboration with divine grace[11] in opposition to the Protestant doctrine of passive acceptance of grace. Considering the Protestant “doctrine of faith alone” as a mere human trust in divine mercy, the Council rejected the “vanity of trust” of Protestants and stated that no one could know who had received God`s grace. In addition, the Council affirmed – against some Protestants – that God`s grace can be lost by stolen sin. These measures, however, were only part of the revitalization that took place within the Catholic Church in early modern times. Many reformist movements had also grown within Catholicism in the years leading up to the Protestant Reformation, which is why most historians prefer to use the term “Catholic Reformation” to describe the renewal of the Church.